Most Miners STEP UP!

Request a STEP UP! training for your organization, class, department, or group today!


STEP UP! empowers the S&T community to foster a culture of awareness, intervention, and inclusion in all our interactions: in person, on social media, and virtually.

Program Objectives

  • Raise awareness of helping behaviors
  • Increase motivation to help
  • Develop skills and confidence when responding to problems or concerns
  • Ensure the safety and well-being of self and others


What is bystander intervention?

Bystander intervention training is a community-based approach to prevention designed to create a safe and healthy campus environment.

STEP UP! training teaches participants the five decision-making step model, bystander strategies, intervention styles, and how to overcome barriers.

Request a STEP UP! training for your organization, class, department, or group today!

Bystander Effect is a social psychological phenomenon that refers to cases in which individuals do not offer any means of help to a victim when other people are present. The probability of help is inversely related to the number of bystanders. In other words, the greater the number of bystanders, the less likely it is that any one of them will help.

The barriers listed below help explain why the bystander effect occurs. In other words, these are the phenomena that one must be aware of so that they can be overcome.

Ambiguity – when it is uncertain whether there is a problem or not. The more unfamiliar and ambiguous a situation, the less likely help will be offered by a bystander. This is why we must investigate.
Diffusion of responsibility – you may be truly concerned and want to help but think someone else will do something because they are more likely or qualified to help.
Obedience to perceived authority – you do something because perceived authority figure tells you to.
Conformity – a tendency to align behaviors and beliefs with those around you.
Normative influence – you go along with the group to fit in, to be liked, or to be accepted by the group.
Pluralistic ignorance – the majority know there is something wrong but no one else looks concerned so you think you must be the only one and thus you don’t do anything.
Informational influence – when you think someone knows more than you do, or has more information than you, you will follow their lead.


5 decision making steps: bystander intervention

1. NOTICE the event

To notice an event one must be aware of your surroundings, anticipate problems, and look for red flags.

2. INTERPRET the event as a problem

Err on the side of caution and INVESTIGATE!

3. Assume PERSONAL responsibility

Bystanders assume someone else will do something.

4. KNOW how to help

There are many ways to intervene in a situation.


Four D's of Intervention


You intervene in the moment to prevent a problem or situation from happening.


You are good at thinking up creative ways to engage with the people you are concerned for.


You check in after an incident has occurred to see how you can help.


You are most comfortable getting other people involved to do the actual intervention.

  • Sexual Assault
  • Alcohol
  • Relationship Abuse
  • Discrimination
  • Academics

Sexual Assault


You are at a party. During the past hour you notice your friend Chris has been talking to one of your roommates, Sam. They seem to be having a good time but it is clear Chris has had too much to drink. A few minutes later you see Sam put an arm around Chris and start to lead Chris upstairs.

Action Steps

  1. Confront people who seclude, hit on, try to make out with, or have sex with people who are incapacitated.
  2. Speak up when someone discusses plans to take sexual advantage of another person.
  3. Call police when a person is yelling at another and it is not safe for you to interrupt.
  4. Refuse to leave the area (or call police) if a person is trying to get you to leave so they can take advantage of another.
  5. Speak up when people use racist, sexist, homophobic or other harmful language.
  6. Ensure friends who are incapacitated do not leave the party or go to secluded places with another person.



You are at a party with lots friends. After several hours, you’re talking with the host of the party when some others come up and want her to go buy some more beer. She is clearly intoxicated and doesn’t want to go but a couple people start hassling her. She finally gives in and goes to get her keys. What do you do?

Alcohol Action Steps


  1. Plan ahead – set a limit BEFORE going out.
  2. Encourage them to stop drinking (or take their drink away) when they’ve had enough.
  3. Stay with them to ensure they will be all right.
  4. Get them to consume non-alcoholic beverages first.
  5. Get them to sip rather than gulp if they are drinking alcohol.
  6. Have them consume food while drinking alcoholic beverages.
  7. Tell them not to drink while taking medication.
  8. Tell them to avoid taking aspirin if they have been drinking. (DO NOT take Tylenol or other Acetaminophen medication for a hangover; liver damage may result!)
  9. Never discuss problematic behavior when the person is under the influence.

Relationship Abuse


A friend pushes and then slaps his girlfriend at a party. Other people see it and are upset but don’t do anything.  He’s not a very close friend, but someone you’ve taken several courses with and have had cordial discussions. What do you do?

Action Steps

  1. If someone you know is being cyberstalked, tell them.
  2. If the violence gets physical, call 911 right away!
  3. Encourage anyone in an abusive relationship to seek professional help.
  4. Do not touch the individuals no matter how well you may know them.
  5. Be aware of your tone of voice and volume. Stay calm.
  6. Be respectful of both individuals and their viewpoints.



You are hanging out with teammates and one of them makes a very insulting and derogatory remark about someone’s alleged sexual orientation. They go on to sarcastically say that they definitely won’t be rooming with them on road trips.
You find it inappropriate. What do you do?

Action Steps

  1. Be Ready – You know at some point you will hear or see something that is inappropriate or discriminatory. Think of yourself as the one to Step UP!, prepare yourself for it and know what you will say. “Why do you say that?” or “Do you really mean what you just said?”
  2. Identify the Behavior – Point out someone’s behavior to help them hear what they are really saying. “So, what I hear you saying is that all student-athletes don’t care about academics?”
  3. Appeal to Principles – Call on a person’s higher principles. “I’ve always thought you were fair-minded. It shocks me to hear you say something so biased.”
  4. Set Limits: Draw a Line – You can’t control others but you can make others aware of what you will not tolerate. “Don’t tell racist jokes or use that language in my presence anymore. If you do, I will leave.” Follow through.
  5. Find an Ally/Be an Ally – Seek out like-minded people and build strength in numbers.



A high profile student-athlete lies to a professor about why he had to miss a quiz which has put him in jeopardy of failing the class. He asks his advisor to write a note excusing his absence. She refuses. He goes to other advisors. They refuse. You are friends with the TA for the class and the student-athlete asks you to get the TA to vouch for him. What do you do?

Action Steps

  • Plan Properly
  • Communicate Effectively- talk to your professor
  • Disclose – be honest and open about your situation
  • Know the material – take good notes
  • When in doubt – CITE!
  • Decide for yourself not to cheat.
  • Accept ownership for your academic success.
  • Set academic goals
  • Do not miss class
  • Study every day
  • Read and follow your class syllabus – plan ahead
  • Get help as soon as you need it
  • Build a relationship with your professor or the TA
  • Review all your exams
  • Participate in class